“This is relatively flat despite an increase in the unemployment rate in tourism-focused regions,” BPS head Suhariyanto said during a press briefing on Tuesday, adding that the COVID-19 pandemic had taken a toll on tourism since February.In April alone, Indonesian Hotel and Restaurant Association (PHRI) data show that 1,642 hotels were temporarily closed, while Tourism Ministry data reveal that more than 1.7 million workers in the sector have been affected by the COVID-19 outbreak.However, Indonesia’s open unemployment rate dropped slightly to 4.99 percent in February from 5.01 percent recorded in the same month last year.Suhariyanto said the informal sector remained an important part of the country’s workforce, accounting for 56.5 percent of nationwide employment in February, despite a 0.77 percentage point decline year-on-year (yoy). The BPS data also showed that education and healthcare sectors, among other sectors, hired the most people in February this year.“Meanwhile, jobs in several sectors including agriculture, trade and other services declined this year,” he said.The unemployment data has yet to reflect the overall impact of the pandemic, Suhariyanto said, as the large-scale social restrictions implemented by regional and local administrations to curb the spread of the virus took effect in April.These measures have upended the job market, with 2.8 million people losing their jobs, according to the Manpower Ministry and the Workers Social Security Agency (BPJS Ketenagakerjaan).The government predicts that 2.9 million to 5.2 million workers could lose their jobs during the outbreak, which would erase last year’s gains of 2.5 million new jobs.Topics : The number of unemployed people across the country increased slightly to 6.88 million in February, Statistics Indonesia (BPS) data reveals, although this number does not reflect the impact the COVID-19 outbreak has had on the economy.The figure was 60,000, or 0.8 percent, higher than the 6.82 million unemployed people recorded in the same period last year, BPS data also show.
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThisAlpena — Children put their creative minds to work on Wednesday, building cities made of Legos to learn about climate change.Each city receives a specific industry. The children have to create their city around that type of industry. Each city will face a challenge that has to do with a type of climate change. Challenges can be a scarcity in fossil fuels, acidity in the ocean, sea level inching closer to shore, or extreme weather.The kids have shown a passion for protecting the environment according to Huron Pines Americorp Program Coordinator Hannah Hazewinkel.“They knew about fossil fuels and about the polar bears and they knew how greenhouse gases worked, ” said Hazewinkel. “They were coming up with all of these solutions to alternative energy that adults aren’t even thinking of.”The two day camp is put on by Huron Pines AmeriCorps, the Northeast Michigan Great Lakes Stewardship Intiative, and the Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary. The camp is for children aged 9 through 13. Kids will put together a plan and campaign their solutions as “mini mayors.” Hazewinkel got the idea from a project she worked on in college.“They do a lot of ‘you are now the CEO of Omega Protein’ and then [they ask] how are you facing this issue,” said Hazewinkel, who studied natural resource management in college.For the youngsters, it’s a chance to learn more about protecting the environment and come up with the solutions of tomorrow. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThis Tags: City, Climate Change, Huron Pines AmeriCorp, Legos, Northeast Michigan Great Lakes Stewardship Initiative, Thunder Bay National Marine SanctuaryContinue ReadingPrevious What’s Trending for August 1Next Local photographer’s exhibit coming to Besser Museum
A long, long time ago, primitive sea creatures called foraminifera lived on the ocean bottom. One day, some of them invaded a new ecological niche: the ocean surface. There, they became part of the plankton zoo. When the catastrophe that wiped out the dinosaurs occurred, most of the surface foraminifera died. But they recovered in later epochs, always living near the surface. That evolutionary story has been called into question by the discovery of a surface (pelagic) dweller that is the same species as an ocean-bottom (benthic) dweller. Foraminifera, sometimes called forams for short, can be thought of as amoeba-like organisms inhabiting perforated shells. Most are very small – about 1mm – but some as long as 19mm in diameter are known. Their shells of calcium carbonate can be very elaborately decorated. Forams make up a large part of the ocean’s plankton. Evolutionists have portrayed forams evolving first on the ocean floor. Some became buoyant and colonized the surface. That was the picture till now. Writing in PNAS,1 Darling et al said, “Evolution of planktic organisms from benthic ancestors is commonly thought to represent unidirectional expansion into new ecological domains, possibly only once per clade.” They also noted that “The planktic foraminiferal evolutionary tree is under considerable debate.” Then they announced their bombshell discovery: “We present surprising but conclusive genetic evidence that the Recent biserial planktic Streptochilus globigerus belongs to the same biological species as the benthic Bolivina variabilis, and geochemical evidence that this ecologically flexible species actively grows within the open-ocean surface waters, thus occupying both planktic and benthic domains.” OK, so what? “We argue that the existence of such forms must be considered in resolving foraminiferal phylogeny,” or evolution. Time to rewrite the textbooks again. The authors thought that “The ability to survive in both planktic and benthic habitats should be seen as an extraordinary ecological adaptation for long-term survival.” Evolutionists seem not to have taken this ability into account. The same species can be tychopelagic, or able to live on the surface and on the bottom. Here’s their conclusion:The Cenozoic planktic foraminiferal phylogeny of microperforates, the group containing biserial and triserial forms, has generally presented taxonomists with problems. Many of these genera and species show discontinuous stratigraphic records, making ancestor�descendant patterns difficult to reconstruct. This could be the result of a lack of observation of the small forms, in a size fraction that commonly is not included in study. In our view, however, such ancestor�descendant relations simply do not exist. This is supported by recent evidence that the living triserial planktic foraminifer Gallitellia vivans had a Miocene benthic ancestor and thus did not evolve from the Cretaceous�Paleocene triserial Guembelitria cretacea. Appearances of biserial and triserial planktic forms in the geological record should therefore not be considered as necessarily discrete punctuated evolutionary events but as a series of excursions of expatriated tychopelagic microperforates into the planktic domain.1. Darwing et al, “Surviving mass extinction by bridging the benthic/planktic divide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online July 2, 2009, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0902827106.Let’s translate that last clause into plain English. Once upon a time, some foraminifera on the ocean bottom were being persecuted. The ruling oligarchy excommunicated them. Forlorn and forsaken, these expatriates took an excursion. They floated up to the surface to look for a new life in the Kingdom of Plankton, where the sun always shines and freedom to evolve is a constitutional right. So is this paper a victory of gradualism over punctuated equilibria? No; it’s the latest in the game of hot potatoes. Earlier evolutionists believed in the prevailing just-so story: that the migration to the surface took place long ago, one time. The benthic and pelagic groups then lost contact with one another and went on separate evolutionary paths. But lo, this plot made it hard to arrange the fossil groups into ancestor-descendant relationships. So now, this team has discovered that some of these creatures can actually inhabit two very different environments at the same time. That not only falsifies the foundational belief that the earlier evolutionists had about the evolutionary history of foraminifera (including the myths about their extinctions and radiations), it also scrambles the fossil record. Fossil hunters can no longer assume that benthic and pelagic forms have distinguishable phylogenies. The problem density thus remains the same, but the storytelling density increases. Now we get to hear tales about expatriated foraminifera taking excursions into evolutionary frontiers, where their craftsmen invent extraordinary ecological adaptations for long-term survival, literally out of the blue. Why not? In the magic land of Darwinia where the only rule is the Stuff Happens Law, facts are the servants of the wizards.(Visited 13 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The speed of the Asiana 777, just seconds before landing, has become the major focus of investigators probing Saturday’s crash at San Francisco airport which killed two and injured scores of other passengers.National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) chairman Deborah Hersman told reporters at a news conference Sunday that crew called out to abort the landing about 1.5 seconds before impact.Hersman said the 777 was travelling at a speed well below the target landing speed of 137 knots, or 157 mph or 253km/hr.“We’re not talking about a few knots,” said Hersman.The NTSB also said that the 777’s stick shaker — a piece of safety equipment that shakes the control column and warns pilots of an impending stall — went off seconds before the crash.At about 6 seconds before impact there was a call for “power” and the engines responded and at 1.5 seconds before the crash, there was a call to abort the landing, said Hersman.For a minimum speed pilots would typically add about 5 to 6 knots and program this into the auto thrust system which would maintain that speed.There was no indication on the CVR or ATC tapes of any discussions between the pilots and the air traffic controllers that there were problems with the 777.The NTSB is looking at the impact of the shutdown of the airport’s instrument landing system which provides two guides – lateral and vertical – to the pilots.Hersman said that the pilots were sent a notice warning (NOTAM) that the ILS wasn’t available. But Hersman said that “there were many other navigation tools available to help pilots land.”One of the survivors of the crash Elliott Stone told CNN that as the plane came in to land, it appeared the pilot “sped up, like the pilot knew he was short.”On impact the 777’s tail assembly ripped away, sending the plane into a spin ripping off the undercarriage and engines.Eye witnesses say that after a loud bang there was a brief but large fireball from underneath the plane, which may have been one of the engines ripping off its mounting.The 777 came to rest between the two parallel runways with its rear pressure bulkhead, near where the flight attendants were seated, split open.Miraculously the 777’s wings, which hold all the fuel, stayed intact, almost certainly preventing a catastrophic explosion and possibly hundreds of deaths.However a fire broke out on the right side of the 777, probably started by fuel spilt from the engine that came to rest against the plane’s fuselage.The 777 was operating Flt 214 from Shanghai to San Francisco via Seoul with 307 passengers and crew and it struck the sea wall 100m short of the runway threshold at 11.36am local time.Among those on board were 77 Koreans, 141 Chinese, 61 US citizens, and one Japanese national, Asiana said in a statementThe San Francisco Fire Department took 181 to hospitals in the immediate area.San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee told Bloomberg it was very lucky there were so many survivors.“This could have been much worse,” Mr Lee said.San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Centre admitted 52 patients, with five in critical condition, according to spokeswoman, Rachael Kagan.“Some of them are in shock. Some are very tearful, some look stunned,” Chris Barton, chief of the hospital’s emergency department, told Bloomberg yesterday.“Overall I think it’s amazing how most of the patients are coping.”However Mr Barton said that there were a number of patients with spine injuries.“I’m guessing it’s from the force of the plane going down on the long axis of the spine.”Weather has all but been ruled out as a factor in the crash.Arrivals at San Francisco airport were being conducted under visual flight rules and typically plane would not have been using auto land capability.Both San Francisco airport and the Boeing 777 are equipped for the highest auto land capability.Immediately after the crash the airport was closed to all traffic with up to 300 flights diverted or cancelled.Later two of the airport’s four runways were reopened.Asiana is South Korea’s second-largest airline after Korean Air.The airline has a fleet of 78 planes.There are over 1000 Boeing 777s in service and the aircraft has a fatality free crash record up till this accident.The last hull loss was to a British Airways 777 on January 17 2008 when fuel icing caused a restriction in the fuel lines reducing power to the engines.The British Airways 777 landed 300 mtrs short of the runway and all 152 passengers and crew walked away.An Egypt Air 777 suffered an electrical fire on the ground in 2011 after a fault in the cockpit and was written off.The airline industry is enjoying its safest year ever so far with only 52 fatalities from 11 accidents according to www.aviation-safety.net The 10-year average is 325 fatalities from 16 accidents.According to IATA for 2012 the industry Western-built jet hull loss rate was 0.20 per million sectors flown, which is a 77% improvement in the accident rate over the last 10 years.Incredibly IATA member airline accident rate was 0.00.According to IATA the region with the worst crash rate for western built aircraft is Africa with 3.71 crashes per million sectors.
Since 1986 former American president Jimmy Carter has worked to eradicate Dracunculiasis – the extremely painful and debilitating Guinea worm disease – from the African continent. Three decades later, the dread disease has almost been eliminated.Former US presidnet Jimmy Carter wants to see the eradication of Guinea worm infections in his lifetime. (Image: Carter Center)Sulaiman PhilipDracunculiasis. It sounds like a blood sucking monster of nightmares. But the world is close to making the dream of eradicating an incubus parasite cooked up in the dystopian visions of HR Giger come true.Guinea worm disease, the more common name for dracunculiasis, is a parasitic infection caused by the nematode roundworm parasite Dracunculus medenisis. At the end of the cycle of infection, a metre-long parasite emerges slowly, painfully, from a blister on the skin. The disease is contracted when people drink water from a stagnant source contaminated by Guinea worm larvae. After mating inside a human host, the female worm matures over a year before slowly emerging through a lesion it creates in its host’s skin.There is no medication to fight infection. The age-old treatment has been to slowly pull or cut the worm out of the body. As the parasite begins burrowing out, villagers wrap it around a stick and slowly wind it out over 20 days.Ringo Naah Sulley, the district director of Ghana’s Asante Akim South District Health Services, explains: “They put a knife in fire until it is red hot. Then they incise it [the blister]. Usually the pus opens and the Guinea worm emerges. Sometimes the Guinea worm is even cut into pieces.”Watch:Lifelines: How to slay a dragon.Infection is not a minor inconvenience. Often a patient is host to three or four worms. Infections from incising the blisters are common. Or patients are too weak to care for themselves or their families, work or attend school.Agitated sufferers seek relief for their burning skin by soaking in pools. But contact with water stimulates the worm to release its larvae into the water. People drinking from this infested pool are infected and the cycle begins all over again.Jimmy Carter and hopeIn one of the greatest medical triumphs of modern history, Guinea worm infections have dropped from 3.2 million in 1986 to just 22 in 2015. Success would mean that Guinea worm would become only the second disease – after smallpox – to be eradicated through human intervention.In 1991, Guinea worm infections were endemic across 23 735 villages in Asia and Africa. Today there are just 30 villages in four countries – Mali, Chad, Ethiopia and South Sudan – with new infections.That the world, and Africa, is this close to complete eradication is down to a massive campaign led by former American president Jimmy Carter and the staff of the Carter Center. Working under the motto “Wage peace, fight disease, build hope”, the Nobel Peace Prize winner and a group of scientists, doctors and volunteers have worked to eradicate Guinea worm globally.Over three decades the campaign has cost R4 218-billion – a cost borne by the Carter Center, governments and global health organisations, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the British government, Opec Fund for International Development, the president of the United Arab Emirates, the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, Unicef and the World Health Organization.Without a medical cure, the Carter Center programme has highlighted the importance of prevention and education. Its success has, as Carter pointed out recently, helped, “the poorest of all people, but who are as intelligent, ambitious and as hard-working as we are”.Obsessive responseCarter and his staff have been obsessive about his eradication programme. Success in his lifetime would be for the 91-year-old cancer survivor, his “most satisfying achievement”.Donald Hopkins, of the Carter Center’s eradication programme, says success can be put down to their engagement with local communities. “Because it would be a disaster for outsiders, and by that I mean people from other countries, or even people from outside the community, to come in and demand that people do one thing or another.”Hopkins explains that the centre and its partners describe the infection cycle and remind communities the power to stop it is in their hands. This has led to some interesting community-led initiatives. “It’s true that in some communities, the village elders got together and agreed that if anyone knowingly went into a drinking water source with a Guinea worm coming out of their body, they would fine them a goat or something else as a way of punishment. But the important thing is that it must be the community that puts those sanctions in place.”Prevention is the cureDavid Agyemang, who worked on Ghana’s Guinea worm eradication programme, says any successful programme involves getting people to change their behaviour. It is more difficult to get people with a worm dangling from their foot to not seek relief in communal water sources.Preventative medicine is often the cheapest, most effective and most efficient way to eradicate disease. Beyond outreach, the Carter Center has developed and provided netting to help villages filter their water.The science is simple. A fine weave net cleans water of the Guinea worm larvae. Nigeria had 656 000 cases of Guinea worm infection in 1988 before 6 million square metres of nylon netting was produced to filter drinking water, now the country is infection free.Pipe filters, worn around the neck, has proven to be a cheap and effective way to stop new infections. (Image: Carter Center)By 2001, 80% of the new cases were in war-torn Sudan. Carter Center volunteers bravely distributed 8.5 million pipe filters, enough for the entire population. Made of a hard plastic encasing the nylon filter, the pipe can be worn around the neck and filters water as you drink.The biggest challenge for the centre when it began its programme was communication. Carter says: “The people who have Guinea worm live in the most isolated and poverty-stricken villages in the world. They were totally illiterate. And they didn’t have any knowledge of, or much less access to, radio or television. So how do you teach them?”The center turned to cartoons on posters and books to teach communities about the infection life cycle and the importance of filtering water. The programme has proved to be so successful that images are now printed on cloth that is used to make dresses, shirts and T-shirts.Dr Hopkins is please by the success of the programme. He says Carter may yet get his wish of seeing the end of infection before his death. “I do feel happy that people are not suffering, but it’s not over until we are at zero.”Watch: Guinea worm, a painful parasite that once affected millions of people each year, may soon be relegated to the past.
24 February 2016Living standards in South Africa have shown a remarkable degree of improvement over the past 20 years, according to the South Africa Survey 2016, released by the Institute of Race Relations, a classically liberal think-tank, this month. On all possible measures of access to housing, electricity, clean water, and sanitation services, living conditions for South Africans were much higher than two decades ago, the report showed: The number of households residing in formal dwellings increased from 5.8 million in 1996 to 12.4 million in 2014, or by 114%. Over the same period, the proportion of households living in formal dwellings increased from 64% to 79% while the proportion living in informal dwellings fell from 16% to 13%.The number of households using electricity for lighting increased from 5.2 million in 1996 to 14.1 million in 2014, or by 171%. Over the same period, the proportion of households using electricity for lighting rose from 58% to 91%.The number of households with piped water increased from 7.2 million to 14 million, or by 94%.The number of households with access to flush or chemical lavatories increased from 4.6 million to 9.9 million, or by 118%. “The data shows the relative success of the government’s service delivery efforts,” said IRR analyst Kerwin Lebone. “This is despite continuing backlogs, and the fact that in many cases the quality of services delivered should have been higher. On balance, however, there can be no doubt that living standards are much higher in South Africa today than was the case in 1994,” he said. “Another conclusion is that state-driven delivery efforts have probably gone as far as they can conceivably go and future improvements in living standards will be driven more by labour market access, new business development, increased private investment, and levels of economic growth than by the efforts of state planners.” Source: Institute of Race Relations
View comments Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town LATEST STORIES Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—The two-year wait is over and Eya Laure was finally able to showcase her skills in the collegiate level of the UAAP as a full-fledged member of University of Santo Tomas.Laure was quick to display her abilities as she led the Golden Tigresses to a five-set win over Adamson University, 25-21, 25-21, 24-26, 24-26, 15-16, in the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament Sunday at Mall of Asia Arena.ADVERTISEMENT “I’m super happy and overwhelmed when I saw the UST crowd and they really helped us fight better,” said Laure, who played in front of 15,400 spectators in her debut.“Before we played the coaches told us that there would be a lot of people in the audience and they just told us to focus on the game.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town MOST READ US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants UST’s Cherry Rondina grateful to get much-needed help from Eya Laure, Milena Alessandrini ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Starting in her first collegiate game, Laure put up 17 points on 13 spikes, three blocks, and an ace in a moment she waited patiently for.“I’m just thankful because I was able to showcase the talent that coach Kung Fu [Reyes] built up when I played for him in high school,” said Laure in Filipino.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesLaure was supposed to go to the Golden Tigresses in 2017 after she graduated high school but this was also the time that the K-12 program was implemented and she had no choice but to endure two more years of senior high school instead of becoming a college student right away.Those two years, however, are over and Laure was just happy she finally got to play in front of thousands of supporters for the first time in her young career. SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes